For the subject of this week’s article, I thought that I would take the time to explore the thought process behind most trading decisions we make during our FX speculating. As you may already know if you have read previous articles written by myself or my colleagues, we all drive home the importance of formulating and then following a detailed and actionable written trade plan, so as to remove any underlying emotions from the decision making process and thus enforce ongoing discipline in our trading activities. The less the trade becomes about us and more about our rules and plan, the more we have steered ourselves towards achieving success in the markets on a consistent basis. The plan tells us what to do, as opposed to us looking at a chart and guessing what we should do.Controlling our emotions during our trading is perhaps the toughest obstacle we face in making our goals a reality. Every single time a candle on the charts moves up or down, we can be easily tempted to click the buy or sell button on a whim, without any real reason to be entering at all! In the early stages of my trading education, I remember reading that candlesticks and trend on a price chart are nothing more than simply a representation of people’s emotions when they buy and sell. Rising prices are an illustration of greed in the markets and when prices are falling, we are seeing the picture of fear taking over. Greed causes prices to rally and fear causes them to fall…or so they say. After teaching students worldwide with Online Trading Academy both in the classroom and during the ongoing virtual environment of our online graduate Extended Learning Track program and obviously through my own experiences as a trader for pushing eight years, I have started to look at the emotions of fear and greed in a slightly different light. Let me explain.One of the most powerful aspects of Online Trading Academy’s Core Strategy, is that helps our students to change their mindset of the how markets work and gets them thinking like the groups who know how make the most money in the markets, mainly the Institutions. The difference between the way most retail traders think and act when they place trades and how some of the biggest banks and funds act when they trade, is hugely different. Think about this for a second: when a fund manager places an order to enter the market to take a position, do you think that they are worried about losing the trade and how it will make them feel? Or do you think that they find it easy to pull the trigger because firstly their superior has already given them their risk parameters and secondly because the money at risk is not actually theirs? To the fund manager, taking the trade is nothing more than their job and like any other job, they need to get on with it on a daily basis.On the other hand, let’s think about the retail trader sitting at home and taking the same trade but with a much smaller size. Even if they were taking the trade at the same time and in the same direction as the fund manager, do you think that there is a possibility that their thoughts may be a little different than the fund manager’s? For most retail traders I would say absolutely, and why might you ask? Well for a start the retail trader is trading with their own money, not somebody else’s money, which will automatically have a different dynamic in itself, meaning that whatever the outcome of the trade, it will directly impact the retail trader. Secondly, the retail trader is doing a job also but they have no guarantee of an income at the end of the month, unlike the fund manager or trader who works for an institution. This person will no doubt still earn at the end of the month as long as they follow their instructions and trade plan as outlined to them by their superiors.I have come to understand that the completely different environments in which retail and institutional traders work in, dictate clearly the challenges that can be faced for most retail speculators out there. I do not believe that the emotions of fear and greed work the same way for the small trader, as they do with the larger trader. In fact, I would go as far as to suggest that greed does not even become a factor in the potential success of the retail trader because if you ask most people who want to trade for themselves what they want more than anything else in their trading, they will normally say, consistency. They just want to be able achieve their goals with low risk trades and slowly build upon this. It does not become about greed at all. It is the fear which tends to be the biggest challenge of all.It is fear which stops us from taking a solid setup in the markets because we have been on a losing streak, only to see it work out well and the opportunity missed. It is fear which causes us to not follow the trading plan to the hilt and make irrational changes all the time because the odd trade fails to work. It is fear which causes us to get out of a trade far too early with a small profit because we are scared to hold on in case it becomes another loser and it is fear which makes us search over and over again for the perfect strategy which does not exist, simply because we think there is always something out there we are missing out on or don’t know about. Fear my friends, is the biggest hurdle any retail trader has to face and will hold you back more than anything else ever will. Recognize that fear needs to be controlled with a plan and discipline. Once the consistency comes, then the fears will subside over time. Oh, and for those of you who were wondering what I feel about greed’s place in the market, well that is an easy one. Just ask yourself a quick question: Why do people become greedy? Because they are fearful there will never be enough…See you in two weeks,
Nearly every successful trader keeps a trading journal. They know it is one of the most powerful things they can do to influence their trading skills and, ultimately, their profitability. Most traders, however, don’t understand how to keep an effective diary. Here are 7 tools to boost your trading skills with you into the realm of the profitable trader.
1. Do the numbers. Keep a notebook of your key markets. It’s simply not enough just to look at charts. Write down the high, low, close, & volume of the markets you follow and your most important indicators. Not only will this practice help you keep in tune with your market, you will actually be surprised at how quickly you will hone your tape-reading skills.
2. Record all trades. You must do this. It is fundamental to a trading journal and essential to all the potential transformation that flows from it. Just do it!
3. Record your thoughts and feelings on every trade. If you want to understand your trading psychology, this is the authentic pathway. Thoughts and feelings shape behavior. Just as there are tradable patterns in the markets, there are patterns in your thoughts and feelings that prompt you to trade in a certain way. Learn these.
4. Identify your strengths and limitations. You need to know what you are good at and can rely on, as well as where you reach your current limits. Link your thoughts/feelings/behaviors to each.
5. Develop a plan to overcome your limitations. This is the whole point of your trading journal. Pick one limitation that you want to change and develop a plan to address the thoughts and feelings associated with that limitation. Look to your strengths as guidance in altering what is holding you back. Specify the steps needed to make this a reality tomorrow and into the future.
6. Track your personal performance. Your personal data shows progress and also reveals problematic areas to improve. Track your wins vs. losses and related data (e.g., average win/average loss; wins & losses in an uptrend vs. downtrend vs. trading range, etc.). Do you now see why #2 is so vital to you as a trader?
7. Make journaling a part of your routine. Write your diary at the end of every trading day. Each week, month, quarter and beyond, review your journal to identify areas to work on as well as your progress. Like a runner who can’t go a day without a run, you will soon become a trader immersed in the process of self-development and profitability. You are now on the path of the master trader!
Used correctly, the trade journal helps you build not only your technical skills but your mental skills as well. Trading psychology is a key component to trading success.
Written by Sam Evans , Online Trading Academy FXInstructor. After leaving University in 1999, Sam thrust himself into the media world, working as an executive producer and part-time presenter for London’s Capital FM. Roles in the record and film industry followed, where Sam conducted many promotional interviews and honed his presentation skills for nearly 7 years. With a strong desire to work for himself, Sam left the media industry behind and spent an intense 18 months studying to become a professional Life Coach, embarked on various property investments and gave in to his childhood fascination with the money markets by training to become a trader with Online Trading Academy. Since his graduation, he has been a full-time trader, specializing in Stock Index Futures and Forex. Under the guidance and mentorship of some of Online Trading Academy’s best instructors, Sam himself joined the teaching roster and forged his own unique style of trading. A devoted student of the Market, Sam’s focus is on strict risk management discipline, combined with a realistic approach to understanding the true nature of Price Action. Fuelled by a passion for the markets, Sam now teaches and presents for Online Trading Academy, welcoming and helping others into the rewarding world of trading.